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ERIC Number: ED371277
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Aug-20
Pages: 13
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Affect Relationships to Psychopathology and Issues of Shame and Guilt Assessment.
Harder, David W.; And Others
This study has two purposes: (1) to test the Personal Feelings Questionnaire--3 (PFQ3), a lengthened, psychometrically improved version of the PFQ2 guilt-proneness measure, for construct validity; and (2) to evaluate hypotheses regarding the relationships between shame- and guilt-proneness and nine types of psychopathological symptoms among college undergraduates. Fifty-nine undergraduates (32 women and 27 men) from an introductory psychology class completed randomly arranged packets of questionnaires. Results for the PFQ3 scale showed a pattern of correlations uncomfortably similar to that expected for a valid shame-proneness scale (even though guilt relationships to depression and self-derogation were lower in magnitude, as predicted.) This equivocal support for PFQ3 guilt validity continues the difficulties previously experienced in creating a guilt-proneness measure that researchers can confidently use. For symptomatology analyses regarding the relative prominence of shame and guilt in various symptom types, outcomes support the hypothesis that somaticization, hostility-guilt, general anxiety, and paranoid ideation showed stronger relationships with guilt than with shame, while phobic anxiety showed a stronger relationship with shame. Findings did not support the oft-observed, stronger connection between shame and depression, though results did support expected associations of shame with interpersonal sensitivity and psychoticism, and guilt with obsessive-compulsiveness. (RJM)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A