ERIC Number: ED371249
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
Building a Self: Teenaged Girls and Issues of Self-Esteem.
Women's Educational Equity Act Publishing Center Digest, Sep 1991
This newsletter summarizes the current state of understanding about self-esteem in teenaged girls. It notes that self-esteem is a concept that is difficult to define and to measure. Current research indicates that self-esteem is composed of many factors; however, a reasonable functional definition is the value a person places on herself or himself. Some experts study cultural expectations, since different cultural expectations affect self-esteem, whether the definition is based on racial or ethnic identity, sexual identity, or disabilities. Other researchers look at the influence of schools and education, or sexuality, health issues, math and science ability, or sports. The important role families and schools play in allowing young women to achieve a positive level of self-esteem also is discussed. A strong adult role model in a nonexploitative relationship is important. Other major influences are schools (academic connectedness), spiritual connectedness, and low family stress levels. Suggestions for further research are given. These include further study of multicultural issues, differing life experiences (including issues of women's role in society and violence against women), and switching from an emphasis on solving specific problems to research on resiliency and resistance. (KM)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Ethnic Groups, Family Attitudes, Females, Schools, Self Esteem, Sex Role, Sex Stereotypes, Sexual Identity
Women's Educational Equity Act Publishing Center, Education Development Center, Inc., 55 Chapel St., Newton MA 02160.
Publication Type: Collected Works - Serials
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Education Development Center, Inc., Newton, MA. Center for Equity and Cultural Diversity.