ERIC Number: ED371214
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994
Documenting Training Effectiveness in Terms of Worker Performance and Adaptability. EQW Working Papers WP23.
Cascio, Wayne F.
This report reviews the personnel psychology literature related to training effectiveness and summarizes it into a three-dimensional matrix. Following an introduction, section II discusses how three components of training studies--training content, training method, and transfer of training--can be considered within a three-dimensional framework. Before discussing the three dimensions of the matrix, sections III and IV address two general areas of concern--worker performance and adaptability. They conclude that few studies make the connection between training effectiveness and performance and worker adaptability is not a well-documented construct. Section V describes the empirical studies that can be categorized by content area. It considers findings of studies that reviewed training in motor and technical skills, including computer skills training, and adaptability skills development, including interpersonal skill development, cross-cultural training, complex skill acquisition, and problem-solving skills. Section VI summarizes findings of research to determine whether a specific method of training is superior. It covers lecture, integrative learning, behavior modeling, and computer-assisted instruction. Section VII reviews research on the transfer of training and concludes that although several variables have been identified that contribute to the transfer of training, the relationship between them and successful transfer is still unclear. Appendixes include 5 endnotes and 69 references. (YLB)
Descriptors: Adjustment (to Environment), Instructional Effectiveness, Job Performance, Job Training, Literature Reviews, Personality Traits, Postsecondary Education, Program Effectiveness, Psychological Studies, Secondary Education, Skill Development, Teaching Methods, Transfer of Training, Vocational Adjustment, Vocational Education
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Center on the Educational Quality of the Workforce, Philadelphia, PA.