ERIC Number: ED371200
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994-Apr
Using the Cognitive Structure of Knowledge of Female Retirees To Assess Speed and Content of Information Processing.
Middlestead, Charles G.
A study examined how a stratified nonrandom sample of 112 female retirees cognitively structure their knowledge about retirement. The women, who were selected from two rural communities in two Mid-Atlantic states, were asked to complete brief questionnaires about their background and satisfaction with retirement and to sort 13 cards imprinted with various words or phrases related to retirement into piles that they thought made sense. After creating piles, the subjects were ask to explain the meaning of each pile, state their reasons for placing each card in its given pile, and create a descriptive name for the pile. The verbal discourse generated from subjects in response to the card sort was use in three phases of analysis. No significant relationships were found between structural measures (differentiation and time on task) and demographic characteristics. In general, women with higher differentiation scores produced significantly more piles than did women with lower scores regardless of time spent on sorting. On average, each subject produced 6.17 categories classifiable into the activities dimension. An average of 5.54 income-oriented categories were generated. Health/physical concerns did not appear to be a dominant category. No moral concerns surfaced through the elaborative techniques used. (Contains 60 references.) (MN)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association (Providence, RI, April 1994).