ERIC Number: ED371190
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1994-Jun
Teaching by Satellite in a European Virtual Classroom. [and] Open Universities--Their Rationale, Characteristics and Prospects. ZIFF Papiere 92.
Keegan, Desmond; Holmberg, Borje
The first of two papers in this publication is "Teaching by Satellite in a European Virtual Classroom" (Desmond Keegan). It describes the first accredited university course by satellite, a 1-year certificate course in safety and health at work offered by the University College Dublin. It discusses the enrollment of 219 students at 10 sites (the target enrollment was 10) and the 5 interlocking didactic structures: printed distance education materials, satellite-transmitted lectures, live and interactive telephone discussions via satellite, tutorials, and assessment activities. It reports that only one student dropped out and students and tutors agreed about the academic excellence of the course. The second paper, "Open Universities--Their Rationale, Characteristics, and Prospects" (Borje Holmberg), is a presentation of the concept of the open university. It discusses the development of open university system and then analyzes the educational characteristics, organizations, evaluation, and economics of open university work. The student bodies are described, and the problem of completion and dropout is discussed on the basis of empirical studies. The last two sections refer briefly to research on open university work, its organization in open universities, and the expected development of independent open universities as well as of parallel work more closely related to the mainstream of university education. Appendixes list 32 references and 8 suggestions for further reading. (YLB)
Descriptors: Adult Education, Communications Satellites, Cost Effectiveness, Developed Nations, Distance Education, Dropout Rate, Dropouts, Educational Finance, Employment, Foreign Countries, Occupational Safety and Health, Open Universities, Safety Education, Student Attrition, Vocational Education
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Fern Univ., Hagen (Germany). Inst. for Research into Distance Education.