ERIC Number: ED371070
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1994-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Still Separate, Still Unequal. The Limits of Milliken II's Educational Compensation Remedies.
Feldman, Joseph; And Others
In 1974, the Supreme Court in "Milliken v. Bradley" blocked a major effort to desegregate isolated urban areas by establishing stringent legal standards that made it very difficult for plaintiffs to include suburbs in desegregation remedies. Three years later a second Milliken decision (Milliken II) authorized lower Federal courts to order state governments to pay for curing the educational harms of racial segregation. Millions of dollars have been spent on Milliken II orders but there has been little serious study of the results. Researchers from the Harvard Project on School Desegregation examined four school districts that have implemented significant compensatory education plans in segregated schools and found that the promises of the Milliken II decision have not been fulfilled. The segregated, or resegregated schools, have usually gained only programs that the district wanted to implement anyway, and no real accountability for improvement has been required. The rights of intentionally segregated children seem to have been traded for temporary increases in district funding. The districts studied are (1) Detroit (Michigan); (2) Little Rock (Arkansas); (3) Prince George's County (Maryland); and (4) Austin (Texas). Eight charts illustrate the discussion. (SLD)
Descriptors: Accountability, Compensatory Education, Court Litigation, Desegregation Effects, Desegregation Litigation, Desegregation Plans, Educationally Disadvantaged, Elementary Secondary Education, Equal Education, Racial Composition, School Desegregation, School Districts, School Resegregation, Urban Areas, Urban Schools
Harvard Project on School Desegregation, 40 Holworthy St., Cambridge, MA 02138.
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Spencer Foundation, Chicago, IL.; Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA. Graduate School of Education.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Milliken v Bradley