ERIC Number: ED370782
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994
Social Interaction in Science Environments.
Wampold, Bruce E.; And Others
Understanding how people choose their work and educational environments and the dynamics that lead to satisfaction in these environments is critical to optimizing productivity and self actualization. The Strong Interest Inventory and the Social Skills Inventory were administered to 113 undergraduates to test the hypothesis that social types (Social, Enterprising, and Artistic) would have vis-a-vis task oriented types (Realistic, Investigative, and Artistic) strengths in the social skills needed to solve problems via social mechanisms, but no differences would be found on other social skills. It was found that the social types did indeed have relative strengths in those social skills related to social coping mechanisms. In addition to the aforementioned study, a qualitative study involving two academic chemistry laboratory groups was conducted to characterize the nature of the social interactions that are present in task oriented environments. The results revealed: (1) the members of the group were task oriented types; (2) the members expressed needs for social support and social interactions; (3) the members had below average skills in the social skills needed for social coping strategies; (4) the density of social interactions was relatively high; and (5) conflicts were solved via task solution rather than via social mechanisms. (ZWH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Guides - Non-Classroom
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Wisconsin Univ., Madison.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (New Orleans, LA, April 1994).