ERIC Number: ED370755
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
Children in Appalachia: Current Conditions and Recent Trends, 1990.
Morrison, Donna Ruane; And Others
The 1990 census shows about 5 million children living in the 13 states comprising Appalachia. Ninety percent of Appalachian children are white and nine percent are black, with the majority of black children living in the southern subregion. Children represent a quarter of the region's residents, but their numbers have declined by 11 percent since 1980, while the total number of children in the U.S. remained constant. Among families with children, two-parent households represent 82 percent of white families and 46 percent of black families. About one in five Appalachian children were classified as poor, only slightly higher than the U.S. average. But the risk of poverty was significantly greater for younger children, black children, and those living in fatherless families. The school dropout rate among children aged 16-19 was 12 percent, similar to the U.S. average, but ranged from 8 to 18 percent by state. Data tables and bar graphs provide statistics by subregion and state on the following topics: (1) size of the child population and distribution by age and race; (2) family structure, household composition, and percentage of births to teen mothers by race; (3) income and child poverty by race, age of child, age of householder, and family type, as well as poverty among the elderly by race; and (4) dropout rates, high school completion, and school and preschool enrollments and enrollment rates. (SV)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Appalachian Regional Commission, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Child Trends, Inc., Washington, DC.