ERIC Number: ED370357
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991
Reflective Teaching in TESOL Teacher Education.
Richards, Jack C.
This article discusses theories of teaching that are part of teacher education programs and the teacher education experiences that best realize these theories. Various top-down and bottom-up approaches to teaching are compared. Top-down approaches, for example, may apply educational research to classroom teaching or use a methods approach based on systematic reasoning. Bottom-up approaches use the teacher's actual teaching experiences as the basis for constructing theories and for developing notions of effective teaching. It is argued that bottom-up approaches, especially those based on teacher self-reflection, hold the most promise for developing effective teachers because they emphasize development, discovery, and inquiry rather than training in fixed methodologies. Reflective teaching utilizes recordings of teachers' performances, self-evaluation, journals, and peer observations to provide constructive feedback to help teachers improve their performance. Several studies of the reflective teaching approach are reviewed. (MDM)
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A
Note: In: Sadtono, Eugenius, Ed. Issues in Language Teacher Education. Anthology Series 30; see FL 022 033.