ERIC Number: ED370215
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992
Leadership Characteristics That Facilitate School Change.
Accompanying the frequent calls for school reform is the assumption that the leadership needed to bring change will somehow emerge. Education researchers have begun to examine school administrators' leadership skills looking for the characteristics that help or impede efforts to improve education for at-risk students. Personal qualities have an important influence on educational leadership. Research into leadership characteristics has included study of individual factors, situational elements, and a combination of factors. Studies of the differences between leaders and followers attempted to isolate the specific characteristics that created effective leaders. The conclusion was that no one characteristic distinguishes effective leaders from ineffective ones. Current research identifies several leadership characteristics: vision, valuing human resources, stressing student-centered schools, communicating and listening, being proactive, and taking risks. These characteristics are important in two dimensions considered necessary for effective leadership--initiating structure and consideration for others. As leadership research continues, it is clear that leaders are more than just managers. They possess special characteristics that help change organizations. (Contains 99 references.) (JPT)
Descriptors: Administrator Role, Educational Change, Elementary Secondary Education, Leaders, Leadership Effectiveness, Leadership Qualities, Organizational Change
Southwest Educational Development Laboratory, 211 East 7th Street, Austin, TX 78701.
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Southwest Educational Development Lab., Austin, TX.