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ERIC Number: ED370062
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1994-Feb
Pages: 24
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Transition to Adolescence Program: A Program To Empower Early Adolescent Girls.
Saitzyk, Arlene R.; Poorman, Michele
As girls approach early adolescence they begin to experience losses in self-competence and in authenticity in relationships. These girls hide their strengths for the sake of relationships. This study attempts to change this phenomenon through a 13-week small group intervention program, The Transition to Adolescence Program (TAP). TAP encourages group members to assert their individuality within the context of connection, and in this respect, focuses on empowering girls to maintain their sense of self in the self-in-relation and well-being outcome measures, which in turn may allow them to meet their own needs as well as the needs of others in their relationships. The issues discussed within group meetings include self-esteem, personal power, peer pressure, and sexuality. Activities include visualization techniques, role plays, and drama and exercises to help participants match or share in the emotions being expressed by the other group members. TAP also provides an environment that is conducive to the development of mutually empathic and empowering relationships in order to assist girls in developing more personally defined racial/ethnic identities in their own terms. The participants in the study were from a local Boys and Girls Club where most of the members were minorities, and many lived in families dependent on social aid. All participants, both the intervention and control group, completed a battery of self-report measures before the program began, and at its conclusion. The results revealed varying degrees of change in the attitudes of these girls. Positive changes were noted on some self-report measures such as self-competence. Regarding the measures of psychological distress, the results revealed just a few significant differences between the control and intervention groups which were related to the age of the participant. It was suggested that future interventions should place greater emphasis on fostering racial/ethnic identity, which is an important component of self-in-relation identity. (BF)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A