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ERIC Number: ED370042
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Aug
Pages: 15
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Increasing the Predictive Validity of Personality Tests: Private Self-Consciousness and Priming of Trait-Relevant Knowledge.
Hobden, Karen L.
This paper discusses two techniques for improving the predictive validity of personality measures: (1) measuring dispositional levels of private self-consciousness, that is, one's tendency to habitually reflect on covert aspects of the self such as thoughts, feelings, perceptions, and motives; and (2) priming trait-relevant knowledge (temporarily induced self-awareness) prior to test administration. Approximately 450 subjects filled out the Food Neophobia Scale (FNS), the Self-Consciousness Scale, and several other questionnaires. For the priming task, half of the subjects answered three progressively more specific questions about their food preferences and food selection habits immediately prior to completing the FNS. The validation group was made up of 272 persons from the larger group, each of whom was assigned to groups high (N=127) and low (N=145) in private self-consciousness (PriSC) based on a median split of their scores. For the laboratory validation study, participants performed four different tasks, four months after completing the questionnaires, which assessed both past and present willingness to try novel foods. Subjects high in private self-consciousness had higher validity coefficients than did subjects low in private self-consciousness. Results show that the best behavior prediction was achieved when both private self-consciousness and priming were considered together. Contains 22 references. (RJM)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A