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ERIC Number: ED370032
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Aug
Pages: 11
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Predictors of Postrape Trauma.
Frazier, Patricia; And Others
Women exhibit a wide range of responses to a sexual assault. This study focused on two factors that may either hinder or facilitate postrape recovery and which are potentially modifiable: (1) causal attributions; and (2) coping strategies. Rape survivors (n=105) seen at a sexual assault resource service in Minneapolis, Minnesota, completed measures of attributions, coping strategies, and recovery at seven time points. Attributions were measured by the Rape Attribution Questionnaire (RAQ), which was developed for this research and which contains three seven-item scales assessing behavioral, characterological, and external (society and rapist) attributions about the cause of the rape. Coping strategies were assessed by four subscales taken from the Coping Strategies Inventory (CSI) while four different questionnaires gauged recovery. Results showed high distress levels among survivors which remained fairly stable over time. It appears that both blaming one's self and blaming external forces accompanies more distress while a sense of future control and the belief that future assaults can be avoided were associated with recovery. Coping data suggest that the use of cognitive restructuring is associated with less concurrent distress, whereas expressing emotions is connected with higher distress levels. Data summaries appear in four tables. (RJM)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Minnesota (Minneapolis)