ERIC Number: ED370016
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-Aug-22
The Effects of Death Education on Death Anxiety: A Meta-Analysis.
Maglio, Christopher J.; Robinson, Sharon E.
Providing educational guidelines for the reduction of death anxiety has resulted in a dramatic increase in the literature concerning death education (DE). However, research evaluating DE programs has yielded ambiguous results. In this study, researchers performed a meta-analysis of various DE interventions to assess the effectiveness of DE programs in reducing death anxiety. Three questions were examined: (1) Is DE effective in reducing death anxiety?; (2) What portion of the variance in death anxiety can be accounted for by the DE treatment?; and (3) How many treatment effects are practically significant? An effect size for each individual study was calculated along with an overall treatment effect size for DE. Investigators calculated a total of 62 effect sizes which represented 5,327 treated individuals. Results indicated that DE led to more death anxiety. Of the two types of interventions tested, didactic interventions led to significantly higher death anxiety than did experiential interventions. For questions two and three, DE interventions accounted for practically significant portions of the variance in less than half of the cases which suggests that statistical significance does not necessarily establish practical significance. (RJM)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (101st, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, August 20-24, 1993).