ERIC Number: ED369959
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993
Vocational-Technical Education: Major Reforms and Debates 1917-Present.
Hayward, Gerald C.; Benson, Charles S.
This report traces the historical evolution of vocational education in the United States and the impact of federal legislation in guiding that evolution. It states that since the earliest days of the country, vocational-technical education has been a largely decentralized, state- and locally-governed enterprise. However, federal initiatives affecting vocational-technical education programs began to emerge in the latter part of the 19th century. Most of these changes have come about since 1917 when the first major federal legislation for vocational-technical education, the Smith-Hughes Act, was enacted. Following coverage of the Smith-Hughes Act and its impacts through the years, the report outlines the Vocational Education Act of 1963, the federal initiatives undertaken during 1964-1976, the Carl D. Perkins Vocational Education Act, and vocational-technical education in the 1990s, especially emerging trends such as academic and vocational integration, and tech prep. The report traces these initiatives and offers an analysis of where vocational-technical education is headed in the next century. Contains 26 references. (KC)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Office of Vocational and Adult Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Carl D Perkins Vocational Education Act 1984; Smith Hughes Act