ERIC Number: ED369923
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1994-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Research on School-to-Work Transition Programs in the United States.
Stern, David; And Others
The chronic scarcity of career jobs and increased demands for mental ability in the workplace have necessitated school-to-work (STW) transition programs that prepare noncollege-bound youths not only for their first full-time job but also for continued learning and career transitions throughout their working lives. Among the main ideas advanced for improving the STW system are integrating occupational and academic curricula, linking school with structured work experience, and creating formal connections between secondary and postsecondary education. STW programs may be classified as either school-and-work arrangements that allow students to work and attend school during the same time period or else school-for-work program that provide instruction for the express purpose of preparing students for work. School-and-work programs exist in many high schools, secondary vocational centers, and two-year colleges. Two new innovations prompted partly by the 1990 Perkins Amendments are integration of vocational and academic curricula and tech prep programs linking high schools and two-year colleges. Numerous studies have examined these new STW programs/strategies; however, the research has remained limited in several respects. (Appended are examples of STW programs/program elements and their locations. An 85-item bibliography and 34 figures/tables are included. Contains 235 references.) (MN)
Descriptors: Academic Education, Apprenticeships, Articulation (Education), Cooperative Education, Education Work Relationship, Educational Change, Educational Practices, Educational Research, Innovation, Integrated Curriculum, Outcomes of Education, Postsecondary Education, Program Effectiveness, Program Improvement, Research Projects, Secondary Education, Tables (Data), Transitional Programs, Vocational Education, Work Experience Programs, Youth Employment
NCRVE Materials Distribution Service, 46 Horrabin Hall, Western Illinois University, Macomb, IL 61455 (order no. MDS-771: $11.50).
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Vocational and Adult Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Center for Research in Vocational Education, Berkeley, CA.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Carl D Perkins Vocational and Applied Technology Education Act 1990