ERIC Number: ED369919
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994
State-Level Vocational Administrator Perceptions Relevant to Career-Oriented Education in the Middle Grades. Summary of Research 74.
Barrick, R. Kirby; Hughes, Matthew
A survey was conducted to determine the status of career-oriented education programs at the middle-grade level and perceptions of state education agency officials with responsibilities in the program areas. Mailed questionnaires were returned by 43 (86 percent) state directors of education and 290 (82 percent) supervisors in 8 career-oriented program areas. Findings indicated most states offered career-oriented programs at the middle-grade level, but very little enrollment data were available. The programs were aimed primarily at career exploration and development of practical skills. Teachers in any of the program areas were rarely required to be certified specifically in middle-grade education, although many states required certification in a vocational education area. Local and state funding sources were used more than federal sources. Most directors and supervisors believed that career-oriented programs should provide students opportunities to explore careers and personal interests, assess occupational aptitudes, and apply knowledge through hands-on activities; they felt that middle-grade vocational student organizations (VSOs) should develop students' leadership and social skills. Respondents were not fully supportive of competition in middle-grade VSOs. Implications were drawn for future research, teacher preparation, certification requirements, and material development. (Contains 15 references.) (YLB)
Descriptors: Administrator Attitudes, Career Education, Career Exploration, Educational Finance, Educational Policy, Educational Research, Intermediate Grades, Junior High Schools, Middle Schools, State Departments of Education, State Government, Student Organizations, Student Participation, Teacher Certification, Technology Education, Vocational Directors, Vocational Education
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Dept. of Agricultural Education.