ERIC Number: ED369914
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1994-May
Reference Count: N/A
The Displaced vs. the Disadvantaged: A Necessary Dichotomy? Occasional Paper 1994-2.
Levitan, Sar A.; Mangum, Stephen L.
The current displaced worker initiative towers over the 30-year effort to bring the economically disadvantaged into the mainstream of the labor market. The Congressional Budget Office defines displacement as all workers 18 years of age and older who lose full-time employment due to slack work, job abolition, or plant closure. Major displaced worker programs include the following: unemployment insurance, Trade Adjustment Act, Redwoods Employee Protection Program, Job Training Partnership Act Title III augmented by the Economic Dislocation and Worker Adjustment Act, and Worker Adjustment and Retraining Notification Act. A number of Department of Defense programs contain displaced worker initiatives. The Clinton administration's vision of work force investment and security consists of multiple components: comprehensive worker adjustment services for permanently laid-off workers; one-stop career centers; a school-to-work program; a system of national skills standards and skill certification; expansion of the Job Corps; and the Youth Fair Change initiative. The one-stop career center concept raises a number of interagency turf conflicts at federal, state, and local levels. The proposed Reemployment Act faces significant debate because of its financing mechanism, an increase in the federal unemployment compensation tax, and its large total price tag. Doing less for the displaced is not the answer to the need of the disadvantaged, however. The value of any employment and training initiatives for either group is sharply diminished by the absence of an ongoing job creation program. (YLB)
Descriptors: Dislocated Workers, Economically Disadvantaged, Employment Programs, Federal Aid, Federal Government, Federal Legislation, Federal Programs, Financial Support, Job Development, Job Training, Public Policy
Public Interest Publications, P.O. Box 229, Arlington, VA 22210.
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Ford Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: George Washington Univ., Washington, DC. Center for Social Policy Studies.