ERIC Number: ED369752
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991
Three Models for Teaching and Learning.
Mueller, Richard J.
The theoretical model of a good teacher has evolved through three stages: (1) the subject-matter model, which was predominant in the 19th century and through the 1930s; (2) the trait-factor model, which accompanied the "baby boom" era of the 1950s and 1960s; and (3) the instructional design model, whose development paralleled the emergence of the global economy of the 1980s. In the subject-matter model, the teacher was perceived as a scholarly, cultured mentor, who devoted his or her life to inspiring young people to develop a love of learning. Later, according to the trait-factor model, in addition to being a mentor the teacher became a facilitator of personal and social growth, with emphasis on identifying the qualities of teachers who can nurture a child's total development. The instructional design model subsequently represented a shift from a psychology of learning to a psychology of instruction, with the teacher focusing on how to improve individual students' performance by employing a combination of human and technological resources. The paper concludes that there have been many undergraduates who initially appeared to be poor prospects for teaching but by dint of conscientious effort in their teacher education program have gone on to become both systematic and humanistic teachers. (Contains approximately 55 references.) (JDD)
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A