ERIC Number: ED369705
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
The Contribution of Education to Culture Development in Asia and the Pacific.
This document defines education as the process of the integrated development of an individual that takes place throughout life, and aims at one's complete fulfillment in the intellectual, spiritual, moral, emotional, physical, and other domains. Culture is defined as the complex of distinctive spiritual, material, intellectual, and emotional features that characterize a society or social group. Because of the convergence in the two definitions, one can understand how education can contribute to cultural development, enriching culture, and making it available to everyone. Culture is conditioned by man's national and social environment, and therefore one finds a great diversity of culture in the region of Asia and the Pacific. Many countries in the region have a rich cultural heritage having been the seat of once great kingdoms and empires that left impressive cultural monuments. The Asia Pacific region includes the great religions of the world such as Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, Hinduism, Confucianism, and Shintoism. People's ethical, moral, and cultural values are anchored on these religions. Through education, religion based values have developed to suit the changing demands of different societies arising from modernization. Education has played both a moderating and awakening role in the face of the unprecedented development of science and technology leading to industrialization and modernization. Because industrialization was imported, it carries with it the cultural baggage of the countries of origin, which are often not in harmony with local sociocultural values. Tensions arise in such relationships as: (1) man, nature; (2) man, fellow man; (3) man, self; and (4) man, God. Each of these relationships is discussed. (DK)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France).