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ERIC Number: ED369690
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Feb
Pages: 10
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
The Role of the Independent Sector in a Modern Democratic Society. An European View.
Mason, Peter
This document discusses the shift in democratic countries toward the allocation of responsibility for the organization and control of education in the public system by decentralization from the center to the local community and beyond, to the governing bodies of individual schools, and to the parents who are represented on school councils. This kind of devolution is just part of a virtual revolution in established thinking about the balance of power and responsibility in democratic communities. It involves abandoning the concept of the "granny" state, that controls and organizes every facet of daily life in the interests of its citizens and substituting for it the principle of subsidiarity, under which responsibility rests wherever practicable at the lowest possible instance. The paper identifies four elements that determine the size and composition of the independent sector in a country, the degree of autonomy and effectiveness actually enjoyed by schools in it and the freedom of parents to choose: (1) the existence of constitutional and legal guarantees of the rights of parental choice and freedom of belief and association; (2) the combined effects of the nature and extent of direct subsidy from public funds and of indirect subsidy through the free provision of public services and taxation relief, and the nature and extent of legislation for the control of buildings, attendance, admissions, curricula, etc.; (3) the amount of indirect aid to parents and schools; and (4) the historical interplay of educational patterns and social mores. (DK)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A