ERIC Number: ED369686
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989
Reference Count: N/A
Sir Herbert Read and Art Education History.
McWhinnie, Harold J.
In order to understand the place of Herbert Read both in 20th century aesthetics and art education, one needs to carefully consider the entire field of English art and aesthetics from 1900 to the beginning of the Second World War. This time frame was dominated by the thoughts of Roger Fry and Clive Bell, and works both literary and visual, of the Bloomsbury Group. This period in English art and design was characterized by the response of Roger Fry to cubism and the work of the avant garde in Europe. By 1912 Fry had his post-impressionist show at the Crofton Galleries. English art at the time either reflected the romanticism of the Royal Academy, mysticism, or the crafts traditions of William Morris. It was a time of not only artistic ferment, but an aesthetic revolution. The modern movement entered into England and was interpreted through the eyes of Fry and Bell. They gave it a peculiar English quality. Sir Herbert Read reflected much of the Fry and Bell points of view as he developed his artistic philosophy in the 1930s. Read's basic philosophy can by found in his now classic work, "Education Through Art." Read assumes that beauty is the essence of art, and his account of beauty brings together but fails to unite various strands. On the one hand, he is a Platonist claiming that beauty consists in the conformity of forms to mathematical norms which also underlie the appearances of the natural world; but, on the other hand, he insists that pleasure is the essence of beauty, reducing judgments about beauty to mere expressions of personal likes or dislikes. (Author)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Historical Materials
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom (England)