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ERIC Number: ED369681
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1990
Pages: 15
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
A Study of Sex Differences among Art Students on Spatial Abilities.
Eliot, John; McWhinnie, Harold
This study reports data concerning spatial abilities of professional art students. It is part of an ongoing collection of data on spatial abilities on the incoming freshman class at a large major private art school. The battery of eight tests has proven to be highly reliable and valid in previous studies with the specific population. Researchers examined 112 subjects in the fall of 1987 using the Revised Eliot Spatial Dimensionality Test Battery. The data showed no significant sex differences between male and female students. Possibly, the often observed sex differences on spatial tests that seem to favor the male subjects do not so differentiate in professional art school. Experts have identified such spatial skills as components of general fluid cognitive abilities, perceptual field independence, and the ability to perceive three dimensional spatial relationships. All these elements would seem to be the key skills for success in art school. The correlational data showed these skills to be highly related to each other for the specific population of the art school student. The construct validity of the spatial tests for study group was very high; for that reason, researchers selected the population for an extensive exploration of spatial abilities over a period of years. Findings may identify skills needed for success in art school and some of the positive outcomes of visual artistic education as a whole. (Author/SG)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Researchers; Practitioners
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A