ERIC Number: ED369642
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1994-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
The State of Human Capital in the U.S. South: 1980-90.
Goetz, Stephan J.; Debertin, David L.
This report examines the progress in human capital development made by counties in the South during the 1980s. County-level data from 13 southern states were collected primarily from the 1980 and 1990 censuses. Thirteen maps depict, at the county level, completion of high school or more in 1980 and 1990, percent change in high school completion during the decade, median educational level in 1980, percent of population with less than a ninth grade education in 1990, high school dropout rates in 1990, college completion in 1980 and 1990, completion of advanced or professional degree in 1990, percent change in income during the decade, compound average annual income growth rate during the decade, and poverty rate in 1990. Counties in Appalachian Kentucky and Tennessee, along the Mississippi River, and bordering the Rio Grande in Texas had low high school completion rates in 1980. By 1990, the Mississippi River counties showed notable reductions in the proportion of the population without a high school diploma, especially in comparison to the counties in Kentucky, Tennessee, and Texas. However, these Mississippi River counties did not show an accompanying increase in income, and their poverty rates continued high in 1990. Maps depicting college completion look quite different from those depicting high school completion, since college graduates, particularly in rural areas, must leave their home communities to find appropriate employment. Overall, progress has been made in the U.S. South in terms of raising human capital stocks, but considerable disparities remain, even within individual states. (SV)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Cooperative State Research Service (USDA), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Southern Rural Development Center, Mississippi State, MS.