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ERIC Number: ED369560
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1994-Apr
Pages: 29
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Teachers and the Education of the People: Elementary School Teachers and Images of Citizenship in Scandinavia during the 19th and 20th Centuries.
Kivinen, Osmo; Rinne, Risto
This paper explores the historical formation of the teaching profession in Scandinavia in the 19th and 20th centuries, with special reference to developments in Finland. It focuses on the process by which mass education has assigned teachers a crucial role in the initiation ceremonies characteristic of modern society in relation to changing models of citizenship. It examines: (1) the role of the state in Scandinavian society; (2) the role of education in culture; (3) the teacher as the model of the fully enfranchised citizen; (4) the role of parish clerks and schoolmasters as the antecedents of elementary school teachers; (5) the emergence of professionally-trained elementary school teachers in the mid-19th century; (6) the evolution of teacher training and selection; (7) changing models of citizenship in Finland and Scandinavia; and (8) explanations of the changing role of teachers in Scandinavia. Contains 65 references. (MDM)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Finland; Russia