ERIC Number: ED369521
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-Nov
A Descriptive Study of Multicultural Elementary Student Playground Behaviors and Their Relationship to Gender, Age, Race and Socioeconomic Status.
Dahmes, Victoria M.
This paper examines the observable play behaviors of elementary school students to determine how children interact within and among cultural groups. Observations were conducted during the recess period at an urban elementary school attended by 623 boys and girls age 6 through 12. Recess periods and play areas were segregated by grade and sex. Data were collected through observations of playground behaviors and interviews of playground duty teachers. Results indicated that boys tended to engage in more rough and tumble play, whereas girls tended to engage in more passive activities such as jumping rope. Older boys tended to exclude younger boys from games they were playing, whereas older girls tended to include younger girls in their activities. Asian students kept to themselves more than any other group, often excluding non-Asians from their activities. Blacks, Hispanics, and Whites tended to mix freely and play in non-segregated groups. (MDM)
Descriptors: Age Differences, Asian Americans, Blacks, Child Behavior, Cross Cultural Studies, Cultural Differences, Elementary Education, Elementary School Students, Ethnography, Hispanic Americans, Interpersonal Relationship, Peer Relationship, Play, Playground Activities, Sex Differences, Teacher Attitudes, Whites
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Mid-South Educational Research Association (New Orleans, LA, November 10-12, 1993).