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ERIC Number: ED369177
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1994-Feb
Pages: 26
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
To Retain or Not? There Is No Question.
Harvey, Barbara H.
Student retention has been a divisive educational question since the turn of the century. And although early educators found that retention was not particularly effective, they continued using it because their options were limited. Today, educators have many options to retention. Using the database from Project STAR, a study explored the common demographic characteristics and school types of retained kindergartners and first graders. Also, the study examined the effect of class size on the academic achievement of retained kindergartners and first graders. Retained students' achievement scores in reading and math on the Stanford Achievement and the Basic Skills First tests were analyzed in three class sizes: small (13-17 students), regular (21-25 students), and regular with an aide. The average kindergarten and first grade retainee was poor, white, male, and attended a rural school. Class size was unsuccessful in remediating student achievement despite the fact that new enrollees in small classes outscored their peers in larger classes. It is clear that retention does not achieve its goals and is more expensive than remedial services. (Contains 16 references.) (JPT)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A