ERIC Number: ED369047
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
National Survey of Reading Programs for Incarcerated Juvenile Offenders.
Brunner, Michael S.
A survey was undertaken to provide a profile of current reading programs in juvenile correctional facilities. Data were gathered to determine whether "illiterates" exist in the juvenile correctional facilities; if oral comprehension is better than reading comprehension; what approaches and strategies are used for teaching word recognition skills; what concepts reading teachers consider valid; if their beliefs and strategies are supported by experimental research; and whether teachers are using contradictory instructional strategies. Questionnaires were sent to reading teachers working in 260 correctional facilities; 145 teachers responded. Results indicated that: (1) 89.6% of the teachers were working with some wards, 13 to 18 years of age, who cannot decode fluently and accurately what they can talk about and understand; and (2) tests used to determine if students can comprehend orally at higher levels than when reading did not compare oral versus reading comprehension. Results also indicated a great variance between teacher's beliefs and their instructional strategies--though experimental research supports the use of systematic phonics as the best approach for those who cannot decode accurately and fluently, many teachers are teaching "sight words" as "wholes," using a visual approach with those having difficulty recognizing speech sounds, and encouraging students to identify unknown words by using context clues. (Contains 47 references, 15 notes, and 2 numbered and 23 unnumbered tables of data; definitions of terms, a description of the alphabetic code and how it works, an appendix of data, and the questionnaire are attached.) (RS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Department of Justice, Washington, DC. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.