ERIC Number: ED368682
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-Nov
A Change in Perceptions of Graduate Students with Regard to Teaching as an Art or a Science.
Gee, Jerry Brooksher
Open discussion and a Likert-type scale (Characteristics of Effective Teaching) were used with 38 graduate students enrolled in an advanced methods class in secondary school subjects, to determine their perceptions of the characteristics of effective teaching and whether teaching is an art or a science. A survey completed at the beginning of the semester by 35 students revealed that 20 percent perceived teaching to be an art, 23 percent viewed teaching as a science, and 57 percent felt that teaching was a combination, with a slight emphasis toward a science. Responses of 30 students at the conclusion of the semester revealed that 13 percent perceived teaching to be an art, 7 percent viewed teaching as a science, and the remaining 80 percent felt that teaching was a combination of both, with a slight emphasis toward an art. There were no significant differences in students' perceptions in the beginning and end of the semester regarding the characteristics of effective teaching. There were also no significant differences in responses to a statement concerning the effectiveness of microteaching to improve instruction. The Likert-type scale used in the study is appended. (JDD)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Descriptive; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Mid-South Educational Research Association (New Orleans, LA, November 10-12, 1993).