ERIC Number: ED368558
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
General Chemistry and Self-Efficacy.
Smist, Julianne M.
Several researchers have argued that the underrepresentation of women and minorities in professional occupations results from negative beliefs or attitudes, particularly self-efficacy expectations. A Science Self-Efficacy Questionnaire (SSEQ) was designed and later administered to 430 students (all were enrolled in freshman general chemistry and anatomy/physiology courses) to determine if experiencing freshman college science courses had any effect on the student's self efficacy. Results indicated that in general the students at the beginning of the fall semester felt reasonably confident in their abilities to perform science tasks, with females only less confident than males in the area of physical manipulations (i.e. performing laboratory experiments). Three conclusions were drawn regarding students' freshman experience: (1) students gained more confidence in the laboratory; (2) a significant change in their self-efficacy toward chemistry did not exist; and (3) their biology self-efficacy was lowered. The science questionnaire is attached. (Contains seven tables and four graphs.) (ZWH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the National Meeting of the American Chemical Society (206th, Chicago, IL, August 1993).