ERIC Number: ED368454
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-Mar
Maternal Adjustment to Developing Child Competencies: Is Age All That Matters?
Parent, Sophie; And Others
This study compared mother-child interactions and investigated how child verbal abilities interact with age to influence maternal scaffolding (teaching) styles in a group of 60 mother-child dyads in which the children were aged 3, 4, and 5 years (20 dyads in each of the 3, 4, and 5 year age groups). The mother-child pairs were filmed completing a model grocery store task in which they searched for 3 specific items. The children's verbal IQ was also measured, and the mothers filled out a questionnaire on parent-child interactions. Results indicated that there was a decrease with age in the proportion of maternal statements related to task-specific materials, particularly between the ages of 3 and 4. Mothers of 4-year-old children used proportionately more metacognitive statements, while mothers of 3-year-old children used proportionately fewer such statements, than did mothers of the 5-year-old group. (MDM)
Descriptors: Age Differences, Child Development, Competence, Early Childhood Education, Foreign Countries, Individual Differences, Intelligence Quotient, Metacognition, Mothers, Parent Attitudes, Parent Child Relationship, Preschool Children, Scaffolding (Teaching Technique), Verbal Ability, Verbal Development
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada, Ottawa (Ontario).
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (70th, New Orleans, LA, March 25-28, 1993).