ERIC Number: ED368106
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-Dec-14
Computer Talk: Helping Young Handicapped Children Communicate.
Schery, Teris; Spaw, Linda
This paper reports the results of three investigations which examined the effects of computer-based language intervention with children who have severe handicaps. The first study looked at the vocabulary learning and use and growth in social communication of eight toddlers, comparing a computer-based approach with traditional intervention techniques. The computer treatment condition involved use of an Apple IIe microcomputer with a pressure-sensitive membrane keyboard, Echo II speech synthesizer, and software for developmentally delayed children called "Programs for Early Acquisition of Language". Results of the study indicated that the children made considerable growth in language regardless of the treatment condition received. A second investigation compared computer-based language intervention with a general language program that was part of the special education curriculum in self-contained classrooms for 52 developmentally delayed or multihandicapped children ages 3-12. This study revealed improved language scores when the computer-based training program was administered. The third study contrasted language progress when paraprofessionals (parent volunteers) trained toddlers with severe handicaps on an interactive computer-based language intervention program, with an equivalent period of training with a speech-language pathologist (SLP). Two subjects showed more growth when working with the paraprofessionals, while the other two showed more general language development when working with the SLP. (JDD)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Council for Exceptional Children, Division for Early Childhood Conference (San Diego, CA, December 14, 1993).