ERIC Number: ED368099
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994
Information-Processing in Gifted versus Nongifted African-American, Latino, Filipino, and White Children: Speeded versus Nonspeeded Paradigms.
Saccuzzo, Dennis P.; And Others
Elementary students (N=160, grades 2-3 and 5-6) were evaluated in a battery of four information-processing tasks, including: Inspection Time, Reaction Time, Coincidence Timing, and Mental Counters (Working Memory). Half of the children were certified as gifted in a case study analysis; the other half were selected from non-gifted programs of the same school district. For each of the two main factors (giftedness and grade), equal numbers of participants were drawn from four ethnic backgrounds: African-American, Latino, Filipino, and White. Large differences on all four information-processing tasks appeared as a function of grade and membership in the gifted program. The sole significant relationship involving ethnic background was that gifted African-Americans showed the fastest reaction times and nongifted African-Americans the slowest. Overall relationships between measures of processing and intelligence quotient were modest. (PB)
Descriptors: Ability Identification, Aptitude Tests, Cognitive Processes, Comparative Analysis, Cultural Differences, Educational Diagnosis, Elementary Education, Ethnic Groups, Evaluation Methods, Factor Analysis, Gifted, Intelligence Tests, Minority Group Children, Reaction Time, Student Evaluation
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: In: Saccuzzo, Dennis P.; And Others. Identifying Underrepresented Disadvantaged Gifted and Talented Children: A Multifaceted Approach. (Volumes 1 and 2); see EC 302 840.