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ERIC Number: ED367935
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Aug
Pages: 16
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Parental Abuse as a Mediator of Codependence among Alcoholics' Offspring.
Roehling, Patricia V.; And Others
Despite little empirical evidence, many psychotherapists believe that parental alcoholism inevitably results in codependence among alcoholics' offspring. The present study examines the hypothesis that intervening factors, such as abusive parenting, mediate the development of codependence. To test this premise, 247 undergraduates completed questionnaires assessing codependence, parental alcoholism, emotional abuse, physical abuse, and sexual abuse. Ninety-five percent of the subjects were Anglo-American and 73 percent were female. Parental alcoholism correlated significantly with emotional abuse and physical abuse but not sexual abuse; the correlations were low enough to suggest that parental alcoholism is not always associated with abusive parenting practices. A multiple regression revealed that emotional and sexual abuse accounted for all of the explainable variance on the codependence measure (R=.47). Results support the thesis that codependence results from more specific events, such as abusive parenting, and not from the general occurrence of parental alcoholism. This may explain why many children of alcoholics do not display maladaptive levels of codependence. Rather, children who are exposed to emotional and sexual abuse, with or without alcoholism, are the group who appear to be at the greatest risk for codependence. (Author/RJM)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A