ERIC Number: ED367928
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
Conditions of Confinement: Juvenile Detention and Corrections Facilities. Research Summary.
Parent, Dale G.; And Others
The most comprehensive nationwide research ever conducted on the juvenile detention and corrections field was a study by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) assessing conditions of confinement for juveniles and determining the extent to which those conditions conform to recognized national professional standards. The study covered all 984 public and private juvenile detention centers, reception centers, training schools, and ranches, camps, and farms in the United States. Youth halfway houses, shelters, and group homes; police lockups, adult jails, and prisons that hold juveniles tried and convicted as adults; and psychiatric and drug treatment programs were excluded. Data came from the 1991 Children in Custody census, a special mail survey sent to all facilities, and 2-day site visits to 95 facilities. The study's findings suggest three major themes: (1) there are several areas in which problems in juvenile facilities are substantial and widespread, most notably living space, health care, security, and control of suicidal behavior; (2) findings do not support the premise that high levels of conformance to national recognized standards results in improved conditions of confinement; and (3) deficiencies were found to be distributed widely across facilities. This report presents a summary of the findings from the OJJDP study, provides an overview of conditions, examines areas with substantial and less substantial deficiencies, looks at areas with minimal deficiencies, and offers 19 recommendations to improve conditions of confinement for juveniles. (NB)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquent Prevention (Dept. of Justice), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Abt Associates, Inc., Washington, DC.