ERIC Number: ED367898
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994-Mar-10
Reference Count: N/A
Multiple Employment Training Programs. Conflicting Requirements Underscore Need for Change. Testimony before the Subcommittee on Employment and Productivity, Committee on Labor and Human Resources, U.S. Senate.
Morra, Linda G.
At least 154 programs administered by 14 federal departments and agencies provide about $25 billion in employment training assistance. Faced with stiff global competition, corporate restructuring, and continuing federal budget constraints, the federal government can no longer afford to invest in a system that may waste resources and may not help people better compete for jobs. Despite decades of efforts to improve coordination of employment training program, conflicting eligibility requirements and differences in annual operating cycles are hampering the ability of programs to provide participants with needed services. Six different standards for defining "low income," five definitions of family or household, and five definitions of what is included in income make determining who is "economically disadvantaged" a complex process. Similarly, differences in age criteria for older worker and youth programs turn coordination into a jigsaw puzzle. Collectively, the current array of programs confuses and frustrates clients and program administrators, hampers the delivery of services tailored to clients' needs, and adds unnecessary administrative costs. Further, some programs do not have adequate tracking systems to know whether participants obtain jobs. A major structural overhaul is needed to create a customer-driven system that embodies four guiding principles: simplicity, tailored services, administrative efficiency, and accountability. (Twelve tables and charts that provide additional information are appended.) (YLB)
Descriptors: Administrative Change, Agency Cooperation, Cooperative Programs, Coordination, Eligibility, Employment Programs, Federal Government, Federal Programs, Job Training, Organizational Change, Organizational Effectiveness, Public Agencies
U.S. General Accounting Office, P.O. Box 6015, Gaithersburg, MD 20884-6015 (first copy free; additional copies $2 each; 100 or more: 25% discount).
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Health, Education, and Human Services Div.
Note: For a related document, see CE 065 903.