ERIC Number: ED367826
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994-Jan
Multiple Employment Training Programs. Overlapping Programs Can Add Unnecessary Administrative Costs. Report to the Ranking Minority Member, Committee on Appropriations, U.S. Senate.
General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Health, Education, and Human Services Div.
A study explored the extent to which 154 federal programs that provide employment training assistance overlap in the populations targeted and services provided and whether such overlap has any potentially adverse effects. The research was conducted in the following ways: categorizing the 154 programs by the primary target populations served; reviewing the authorized services for the 9 programs that targeted the economically disadvantaged; examining whether these programs had similar goals and structures for delivering services; and identifying the administrative costs. The nine programs were as follows: Job Training Partnership Act (Adult, State Education, and Incentive Grants programs), Job Opportunities and Basic Skills Program, Food Stamp Employment and Training, Vocational Education, Employment Opportunity Centers, Student Literacy and Mentoring Corps, and Family Self-Sufficiency Program. Many federal employment training programs targeted the same populations; the overlap ranged from a low of 4 to a high of 18 programs. Individually, each employment training program generally had a well-intended purpose; collectively, they created the potential for duplication of effort, raising questions concerning the administrative costs associated with the multitude of federal, state, and local agencies involved in their operation. Analysis of the nine programs that targeted the economically disadvantaged showed they had similar goals, often served the same categories of people, and provided many of the same services using separate, yet parallel, delivery structures. The overlap could add unnecessary administrative costs at each level of government. (Appendixes include federal employment and training programs proposed funding levels by agency, comparison of authorized employment training services by five main areas for the nine programs, and descriptions of the programs.) (YLB)
Descriptors: Adult Education, Agency Cooperation, Delivery Systems, Economically Disadvantaged, Employment Programs, Federal Programs, Federal State Relationship, Job Training, Postsecondary Education, Program Costs, Vocational Education
U.S. General Accounting Office, P.O. Box 6015, Gaithersburg, MD 20884-6015 (first copy free; additional copies $2 each; 100 or more: 25% discount).
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Health, Education, and Human Services Div.
Note: For a related document, see ED 359 427.