ERIC Number: ED367586
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
The Role of Education in the Cultural and Artistic Development of the Individual.
Eisner, E. W.
As "mind" is a cultural achievement, newborns enter the world without minds. Life experiences profoundly influence the mind. The social culture provides conditions for the growth of mind and the direction it takes. As informal education is inadequate to fill social needs or actualize children's potentialities, societies create schools. Since a school cannot teach everything, selection is inevitable. One basis for selection ought to be a range of cultural resources from different cultures. Educators should choose material on the basis of: (1) the excellence of the content; (2) the psychological readiness of the individual students; and (3) the diversity of the forms of representation. It is important to consider the "implicit curriculum," the underlying norms and structures that exist in the schools. A school that views students as raw materials to be processed to meet the needs of consumers is unlikely to promote the individual artistic development of those students. The good school ought to enable students to not only find their own aptitudes, but to learn how to pursue those aptitudes in ways that go beyond the common ideas and practices of the culture. (SG)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France).
Note: Paper presented at the UNESCO International Conference on Education (43rd Session, Geneva, Switzerland, September 14-19, 1992). For related items, see ED 366 538-547 and SO 023 765-766.