ERIC Number: ED367585
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Sep
The Role of Education in the Cultural and Artistic Development of the Individual.
Khoi, Le Thanh
Cultural development is the development of knowledge, values, and attitudes bringing about the fulfillment of personalities and their creative capabilities. School in general stresses cognitive development and uses authoritarian methods to impose its view, thereby promoting imitation over initiative and critical thinking. School counterbalances the economic and technical tendencies of the dominant ideology and can promote international understanding and promote peace. Cultural development requires understanding of the past and present. Individuals should be aware of cultural contributions to their nations from other cultures. Such awareness can come through the study of all disciplines: literature, history, the arts, and so on. An interdisciplinary approach is necessary not only because it corresponds to the global character of modern life, but because the rapid pace of change requires teaching that brings about attitudes which are ready to adapt to change. Education should make students aware of the planetary interrelationships (economic, political, etc.). School should leave room for imagination and emotion, to foster the development of artistic and literary sensitivity and creativity. Only by moving away from an intellectualist approach will education give children the means to understand their society and epoch and to find their proper balance and create their own lives. (SG)
Descriptors: Aesthetic Education, Art Appreciation, Creativity, Cultural Awareness, Cultural Education, Developing Nations, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Individual Development, Interdisciplinary Approach, International Relations, Social Change, Technological Advancement
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France).
Note: Paper presented at the UNESCO International Conference on Education (43rd Session, Geneva, Switzerland, September 14-19, 1992). For related items, see ED 366 538-547 and SO 023 765-767.