ERIC Number: ED367584
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Aug
The Role of Education in the Cultural and Artistic Development of the Individual: Developing Artistic and Creative Skills.
Barbosa, Ana Mae Tavares Bastos
Education should be the most efficient way of arousing the individual's cultural consciousness. A concept of "interculturality" now exists, signifying the importance of the interaction between different cultures. There must no longer be a distinction between the "high class" culture of the erudite and the "low class" culture of the lower social strata. It is necessary to recognize all of the influences upon the culture of the developing nation, even those influences that spring from former colonizers. Identity of self evolves through knowledge of the other. It is impossible to understand a nation's culture without understanding its arts. Any sound education develops personal expression and social integration, and art in particular contributes to such development. To be effective, art education must relate artistic production with aesthetic appreciation and historical information. Education must pay attention to visual literacy, to prepare children to understand and evaluate all sorts of images. Furthermore, in learning to appreciate and decodify works of art, children develop creativity. Art education also mediates between art and the general public. Training in art is important economically as well, in that many jobs relate directly or indirectly to art. Art is also critical for emotional development. It is impossible to conduct emotional and intellectual education without art. (SG)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France).
Note: Paper presented at the UNESCO International Conference on Education (43rd Session, Geneva, Switzerland, September 14-19, 1992). For related items, see ED 366 538-547 and SO 023 766-767.