ERIC Number: ED367565
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1991-Mar-22
Reference Count: N/A
Art Criticism: The Potential of Conrad Fiedler's Ideas for Art Education.
Abrahamson, Roy E.
This paper discusses the ideas of Conrad Fiedler, a 19th century German philosopher of art, concerning art criticism, or the judging of works of visual art. In addition to a brief biography of Conrad Fiedler, the paper's main subject is Fiedler's ideas on art criticism as expressed in his book "On Judging Works of Visual Art" (1876, translated 1948). The paper also includes translation of some of Fiedler's aphorisms and statements from his other writings. Fiedler rejected the idea that art is based on contemplation of beauty. He strongly disagreed with the Kantian idea that art was only an undeveloped, rudimentary step in the acquiring of cognition. He saw art as a mental process involving another kind of cognition rather than abstract, conceptual cognition. Unlike the art educators and aestheticians of his day, Fiedler saw artistic consciousness as an inherent endowment of the human mind, that shows its presence already in the behavior of children. Fiedler identified an entire domain of the human mind, an intuitive domain consisting of artistic thinking, artistic cognition, and artistic configuration. These are holistic in their nature, being inherent endowments of gestalt, unifying lawfulness of the human mind. In accordance with Fiedler's views, using the term "aesthetics" without defining it, or treating it as an equal with art, or failing to realize the subjectivity of its criteria for art criticism may confuse and mislead art students. (DK)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Descriptive; Historical Materials
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A