ERIC Number: ED367430
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-Jul
Professional Development for Two-Way Teaching and Learning.
Stetson, Nancy E.
Leadership Abstracts, v6 n7 Jul 1993
Studies suggest that the traditional technique of one-way lectures used most often by teachers results in about 42% retention after class, and 17% a week later. To improve both student learning and institutional effectiveness, colleges should support faculty development programs that expose teachers to two-way teaching and learning processes. Using two-way processes, teachers facilitate learning by means of cooperative and active learning strategies and strive to receive immediate and anonymous feedback from students using strategies collectively known as Classroom Assessment Techniques (CATs). One example of these techniques is the assignment of a short paper requesting students to describe the most important concept that they learned in the class that day or state what important questions remained unanswered. From Fall 1988 to Spring 1992, the College of Marin, in California, participated in an on-site pilot-test of the CAT program. In Spring 1993, 58 of the 70 participating faculty were surveyed regarding their experiences. Of the 20 faculty who responded, 85% were still using the CATs; another 85% saw a beneficial impact on their teaching; and two-thirds felt that the CATs positively impacted students. Grades, examination performances, progress, and project quality all improved during the 4 year program. To implement effective faculty training programs in CATs, colleges should plan ahead carefully, design programs to last at least one semester, use sound teaching and learning principles, provide ongoing support, use faculty participants as recruiters, offer tangible and intangible incentives, and make participation voluntary and non-threatening. (ECC)
Publication Type: Collected Works - Serials; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Kellogg Foundation, Battle Creek, MI.
Authoring Institution: League for Innovation in the Community Coll.