ERIC Number: ED367384
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989
Reference Count: N/A
The Non-Native Student: Competency in Mainstream Classes. Institutional Research.
A study was conducted in the Rancho Santiago Community College District to track the academic performance of 238 English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) Asian students and 301 ESL Hispanic students for three semesters (fall 1987 through spring 1988). The students had entered English 101 classes by way of ESL 110, the highest level composition class for non-native students. The purpose of the study was to determine whether these students were more or less successful in English 101 than their native English-speaking counterparts, to compare the success rates of the Asian and Hispanic groups, to assess the predictive validity of ESL grades for English 101 success, to determine whether the non-natives failing English 101 were as likely to fail other classes requiring moderate to heavy writing, and to examine whether additional hours of ESL preparation would significantly improve student performance in English 101. Asian students represented 16% of the English 101 enrollments for the period under investigation, while Hispanic students represented 20%. Study findings included the following: (1) the no-pass rate was 20% for native students, 15% for Asian students, and 23% for Hispanic students; (2) grades in ESL 110 were not reliable predictors of success in English 101, with A and B students failing at almost the same rate as C and Credit students; (3) a majority of the students who failed to complete English 101 did succeed in other departments such as history, political science, sociology, and philosophy; and (4) of seven current and recent ESL 110 instructors, all felt that current ESL offerings did not provide adequate preparation for English 101. (AYC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Rancho Santiago Community Coll. District, Santa Ana, CA.