ERIC Number: ED367128
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993
Transferability of Indirect Request Strategies.
This report examines the transferability of five indirectness strategies realized by the "conventions of usage" of Japanese indirect requests when Japanese learners of English realize English indirect requests in four situations. Subjects representing two proficiency groups--beginning/intermediate and highly advanced--were asked to undertake an acceptability judgment task for five indirect request expressions in Japanese and English, respectively, for each situation. The transferability rate was computed for each situation by subtracting the acceptability rate of the English indirect request from the acceptability of the corresponding Japanese indirect request. The obtained transferability rate was considered as representing the psycholinguistic markedness of each strategy, which determined its language-specificity/neutrality. The results indicate that contextual factors played a major role in determining transferabilities at the pragmatic level. Furthermore, some proficiency effects on the transferabilities of those indirectness strategies were identified. Based on those findings, further attempts were made to explore what kind of contextual factors were most likely to affect transferability. (Contains 16 endnotes and 51 references.) (Author/AB)
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Japanese, Language Usage, Pragmatics, Second Language Instruction, Second Language Learning, Transfer of Training
University of Hawaii Working Papers in ESL (UHWPESL), Dept. of English as a Second Language, University of Hawaii at Maroa, 1890 East-West Road, Honolulu, HI 96822 ($10).
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Revised version of paper entitled "Transferability of L1 Indirectness Strategies to L2 Contexts" presented at the Annual International Conference on Pragmatics and Language Learning (6th, April 1992).