ERIC Number: ED366899
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994-Feb-12
A Practicum in School Counseling: Using Reflective Journals as an Integral Component.
Stickel, Sue A.; Waltman, Jean
This paper contends that training in reflective process, a formal component of many teacher education programs, needs to occur also in counselor training programs, particularly in the practicum experience. A framework is proposed for reflective journaling as an integral component of the pre-service counseling practicum. The framework explains how a counselor can use reflection to provide a theoretical base for the articulation, analysis, and critique of a person's evolving professional development. While there are no definitive models of how the reflective process can be operationalized in a training program, this paper proposes that journals can be effective in either a structured or unstructured form: structured journals become teaching tools for introducing the reflective principles in practicum classes while unstructured journals are a form a narrative storytelling. This article presents two models of journals that have been used at one university, of which the first instructs students to write weekly using an open-ended format and the second provides more structure. Included are samples of acceptable brief and extended journal entries. So far, 24 students have completed reflective journals using the Model One format and have found the journals helpful in thinking about their practicum experience. It is noted that Model Two journals are in progress and while students are finding that they require a disciplined effort, the structure provides clearer guidelines. (NB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers; Guides - Non-Classroom
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Eastern Educational Research Association (Sarasota, FL, February 1994).