ERIC Number: ED366859
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Aug
Family Environments, Specific Relationships, and General Perceptions of Adjustment.
Gurung, Regan A. R.; And Others
Current family relationships not only form an important part of most people's social networks but also influence global perceptions of social support. Using multiple regression techniques, this study investigated the roles of students' perceptions of their family environment and the quality of specific student-parent relationships in predicting students' adjustment and generalized perceptions of social support. Undergraduate students (N=98) completed the Family Environment Scale, Social Support Questionnaire, Quality of Relationships Inventory concerning their current relationships with their mothers and fathers, and the Beck Depression Survey and UCLA Loneliness Questionnaire. Findings revealed a strong relationship between the students' general perceptions of family cohesiveness, conflict, and expressiveness and perceptions of depth, support, and conflict from each parent. Specific relationship-based measures made independent contributions to the prediction of loneliness, depression, and global social support, but family environment measures only made unique predictions of depression. The findings provide support for the idea that perceptions of specific close relationships are an important component in adjustment and overall perceptions of social relationships and suggest that overall perceptions of family environments may also be important at least in some aspects of adjustment. (Author/NB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (100th, Washington, DC, August 14-18, 1992).