ERIC Number: ED366751
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Dec
Effects of Military Experience on the Post-Service Lives of Low-Aptitude Recruits: Project 100,000 and the ASVAB Misnorming. Final Report 89-29.
Laurence, Janice H.; And Others
During the recent past, the U.S. Department of Defense has, on two occasions, admitted large numbers of low-aptitude individuals into the Military Services: Project 100,000 and the 1976-80 misnorming of the enlistment test. To determine the impact of having served in the military on the subsequent experiences of these individuals, samples of Project 100,000 participants and low-aptitude youth admitted during the misnorming were asked questions concerning their current (1986-87) employment, economic, educational, and family status. Comparison groups composed of low-aptitude nonveterans from both eras were drawn from the follow-ups to the 1966 and 1979 National Longitudinal Surveys. Comparisons between Project 100,000 participants and their nonveteran peers showed that, in terms of employment status, educational achievement, and income, nonveterans appeared better off. Veterans were more likely to be unemployed and to have a significantly lower level of education. Income differences ranged from $5,000-$7,000, in favor of nonveterans. Veterans were more likely to have been divorced. No statistically significant differences were found between the low-aptitude veterans who served during the misnorming era regarding employment status, occupational category, or average income. However, the veterans had acquired significantly less formal education, had higher divorce rates, and were more likely to be dissatisfied with their jobs. (Appendixes include 86 references and supporting data tables.) (YLB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Force Management and Personnel (DOD), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Human Resources Research Organization, Alexandria, VA.