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ERIC Number: ED366701
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992
Pages: 21
Abstractor: N/A
Gender Equity and Classroom Experiences: A Review of Research.
Olivares, Rafael A.; Rosenthal, Nancy
This report reviews research that demonstrates how gender inequity is not only learned and accepted in the socialization process that starts at home, but is also present in the school environment from the very early years, consciously or unconsciously, reinforcing sex stereotypes. Findings are examined in three areas: (1) interactions in the classroom that are both teacher-to-student and student-to-student; (2) instruction-related features involving relations between classroom activities and the gender of the students assigned to perform those activities; and (3) the perceptions of gender roles through teachers' modeling of sex stereotypes in the classroom and through teachers' and adults' perceptions of children's gender. Analyzing the findings of the use that students make of stereotyped gender cues reveals how students distinguish themselves from the other gender, how they see the role of the opposite gender, and how the students' overall perceptions of sex roles affect social interactions and individual performance. The review also reveals that fundamental elements of the school environment still develop and reinforce inequity: teachers are unaware of their gender bias; there is a lack of school textbooks and other instructional materials that are sex-bias free; and children interact according to strongly stereotyped gender schemes. The report concludes by stating that nonsexist curricula have been shown to make a difference in children's gender equity values. (Contains 57 references.) (GLR)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - General
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Researchers
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A