ERIC Number: ED366676
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-Oct
Developing Professional Community in New and Restructuring Urban Schools.
Kruse, Sharon D.; Louis, Karen Seashore
This paper reports on a longitudinal study of four urban schools that sought to develop professional community as part of a restructuring process. The study focuses on how restructuring affected teachers' work over a 3-year period. It reports that the absence of structural conditions can impede the growth of professional community; however, their presence cannot ensure such growth. In addition, the creation of professional community is not an automatic consequence of teacher empowerment or school autonomy. Data support the notion that the most central social and human resources supporting the growth of school communities are: (1) teacher expertise related to cognitive and skill outcomes for classroom practice; and (2) leadership supportive of teacher efforts, including their cognitive and skill acquisition. Such supportive leadership contributes to the development of a base of trust and respect, the creation of an environment open to improvement, and the creation of a sense of efficacy emanating from successful efforts of the staff toward improvement and increased student learning. (Contains 8 references.) (GLR)
Descriptors: Case Studies, Community Change, Comparative Analysis, Cooperation, Elementary Secondary Education, Ethnography, Human Resources, Leadership, Longitudinal Studies, Middle Schools, Organizational Change, Organizational Climate, Professional Autonomy, Professional Development, Professional Isolation, Teaching (Occupation), Urban Schools
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Administrators; Practitioners
Sponsor: Department of Education, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Center on Organization and Restructuring of Schools, Madison, WI.
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the University Council for Educational Administration (Houston, TX, 1993).