ERIC Number: ED366629
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Cognitive Style Influence in Reacting to Pictures.
Ogden, Darlene H.
Free verbal responses to pictures as an indication of cognitive style were studied for 199 college students, at Eastern Kentucky University. The Group Embedded Figures Test (GEFT) was administered following presentation of the pictures, a series of colored pictures of simple, medium and complex configuration. Responses given to three graduate student judges were classified as specific (related to something in the picture) or general (related to something not seen). Multiple chi square analyses explored relationships of cognitive style, sex, and picture complexity to the number of general and specific responses. Males made significantly fewer general and more specific responses than expected, while females made more general and fewer specific responses than expected. Males and females did not differ in response to picture complexity, and field-dependent and field-independent subjects did not differ significantly in the number of general and specific responses. There was a significant interaction between sex and picture complexity for field-dependent subjects, with males giving more general and fewer specific responses than expected for complex pictures, and females giving fewer general and more specific responses. No interaction between sex and picture complexity was found for field independent subjects. Results indicate the complex interactions of sex and cognitive style. Two tables and three figures present analysis results. (Contains 14 references.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Group Embedded Figures Test